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The simple idea that there is one particular leading voice visionary and author of a film was known as the auteur theory Auteur directly translates from French meaning author This thought of who creatively took the reigns on a films meaning and artistic prospective had been discussed since the mid-1940s in France There are two main notions that created this idea Andre Bazin 1918 1958 and Roger Leenhardts 1903 1985 debates derived the first distinguished notion which presented that auteurism was a way in which a director could bring life to film in order to express personal thoughts and feelings of a subject matter as well as a world view The second notion was a result of Alexandre Astruc 1923 present Before becoming a film director Astruc was a journalist and in 1948 wrote an essay on la camera-stylo The camera-pen he stated that The filmmaker- author writes with his camera as a writer writes with his pen which her concluded that all other portions of filmmaking actors actresses crew technology etc were only instruments in the artists creative process This idea became popular and was well recognized during the early 1950s and was associated with the French New Wave Directors such as Francois Truffaut 1932 1984 and Robert Bresson 1907 1999 are two prime examples of what a genuine auteur really stood for to this day they continue to be distinctive characters in the history of film This theory allowed films to be treated as works of art because of this other directors and critiques wanted to give recognition to a particular person in charge of creating such a master work During the 1950s and 1960s most of the directors wrote their own scripts Francois Truffaut provided a rationale for the Cahiers du Cinema Cinema Notebooks tastes The magazine was known to praise European and American directors who composed or controlled their scripts Truffaut found that if the
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