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One of the most controversial topics in the world today is animal testing which refers to the practice of using animals in the field of scientific research It is also referred to as animal experimentation or animal research Even though the practice of using animals to learn more about human beings became popular with the theory of evolution put forth by Charles Darwin in 1859 documented evidence suggests that the practice began in 4th century BCE It was during this period that the renowned Athenian philosopher - Aristotle who began using living animals for experiments Animal testing has played a vital role in virtually every major medical advance of the last century for both human and veterinary health benefits Frankie 20023 but as further consideration shows that animal testing is cruel to the research animals the results may not be reliable and it can be replaced by other methods Fano 199219 It is necessary to weigh up these advantages against the negative aspects On balance animal testing benefits overshadow the negativesThe major advantage for animal testing is that it aids researchers in finding drugs and treatments to improve health and medicine Many Medical Treatments have been made possible by animal testing including cancer and HIV drugs insulin antibiotics vaccines asthma medication and many more Americans for Medical Progress 2002 Animal testing is vital for improving human health and helps to ensure the safety of drugs and many other substances humans use or are exposed to regularly Drugs in particular can carry significant dangers with their use but animal testing allows researchers to initially gauge the safety of drugs prior to commencing trials on humans The vaccinia vaccine against smallpox was derived from the cowpox virus used by Edward Jenner following his observation that farm workers who contracted cowpox were protected against smallpox Riedel 200535 It has now been eradicated from earth Moreover polio has been eradicated from North America and people in countries
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