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Since its independence in 1966 The Republic of Botswana has had many problems and successes as almost all growing nations have These problems and successes include everything from Botswanas economy to their location Throughout all of this Botswana has maintained itself as a peaceful nation and as one of the largest diamond producers in the world The man that started Botswana out on the right track was Seretse Khama who was the president of Botswana through and until the late 1970s Born into royalty Seretse Khama inherited the title of the chief of the Bamangwato people who make up more than one-third of Botswanas population He violated the color ban by marrying a white woman was exiled but soon returned to form the Botswana Democratic Party Soon this party came into power and Seretse Khama became the Prime minister of Botswana In 1966 the same year Botswana gained its independence from Britain he was elected president and he later died in office Today the party established by Khama still governs Botswana Botswana has many problems with their population location and economy One of Botswanas problems is its location which makes a drought a usual occurrence Because of Botswanas proximity to Zimbabwe in the east South Africa in the south Namibia in the west and Angola and Zambia in the north its climate is very dry and arid The Kalahari Desert covers the central and southwestern parts of the country which made droughts a usual occurrence After a peak in 1987-89 rainfall averages have dropped steadily in Botswana In January of 1995 rainfall was much below average and cumulative rainfall since October 1994 continued to be deficient according to the meteorological services The country was drier than it had been in the last two planting seasons Crops planted early were destroyed by the October to January dry spell most either failed to germinate or soon died The rains did come in
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