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Bureaucracy theory of Weber Webers theory of bureaucracy 1958 is one of the most popular themes of the studying of organizations He identified the legitimate of power with authority Power means the ability to ask people to accept the orders Legitimation means people regard this power as legitimate so as to obey the orders Weber identified this authority as three types Charismatic authority where the rule can be accepted because the leader has some outstanding personal quality Traditional authority where is obeyed for a respect of the old order Rational-legal authority where is designed to achieve particular goals though a basis of rules and procedures Mike Jackson 2000 22 To Weber meant the fully developed bureaucratic mechanism compares with other organizations exactly as dose the machine with the non-mechanical modes of production Weber M 1947 214 Bureaucracy administration is constituted by hierarchy continuity impersonality and expertise Weber considered that bureaucracy is an ideal-type 1958 of the structure in organization which means the bureaucratic organization is capable of achieving the maximum efficiency which just likes a machine Bureaucracy organization was a system of administration which can achieve a continuous basis according to prescribed orders Weber believed that the decisive reason for advance of bureaucracy organization has always been its purely technical superiority over any other form of organization Weber M 1947 Even in the modern technology and business this approach explains the technical knowledge which is completely indispensable to an organization becomes the main source of the superiority of bureaucracy organization It makes no difference whether the organization is organized on a capitalistic or a socialistic foundation The machine modes of bureaucracies exist in every organization the government the military and the business etc Bureaucracy can be taken to apply to all sizes and types of formal organizations William G Scott 1968 248 But there are some limitations of the bureaucracy theory when the machine type of organization is in a changing
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