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Calcium Supplementation and Increases in Bone Mineral Density in ChildrenScientists have found that peak bone mass in childhood is a major cause of bone mineral density in adulthood and may decrease the risk of osteoporotic fractures Osteoporotic fractures are those caused by a disease Osteoporosis which causes bones to be extremely porous There are however other factors such as Genetic and Environmental that play a major role in determining peak bone mass Studies done have implied that milk drinking may help in determining peak bone mass Since milk is a complex food other factors not just the calcium may be responsible for the increase in bone mass Teenaged girls were studied and scientists found that an increase in either milk drinking or calcium supplements was positively proportional to the rate of gain in bone mineral densityIs calcium alone an effective tool in increasing the rate of change in bone mineral density in childrenA three year double blinded placebo controlled study was done on 70 pairs of identical twins whose ages ranged from 6 to 14 years old Of the 70 pairs only 45 completed the study A double blinded study is a study where neither the scientists nor the subjects know who will receive the plasibo or the calcium supplement All the monozygotic twins completed the three-day food records that the scientists instructed them to do on their initial visit with the families The food records showed that twenty-two twin pairs were prepubertal throughout the study nineteen pairs underwent puberty during the study and four other were postpubertal at base line After the measurement of height weight and bone mass from the radius spine and hip a twin from each pair was randomly assigned to take 1000mg of calcium citrate malate which has been shown to be well absorbed in children and young adults The other twin received the placebo Calcium and creatine were also measured for safety reasons All the twins received four 250mg
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