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Canada has one of the highest rates of postsecondary-education completion in the world According to the 2006 census six out of every 10 adults between 25 and 64 years of age had completed some form of postsecondary education12An Historical OverviewPostsecondary education in Canada dates from 1663 with the establishment of the Grand Sminaire de Qubec a forerunner ofLaval University At the time of Confederation in 1867 there were 18 universities and a number of classical colleges in CanadaAt the end of World War II a federally funded veterans rehabilitation program brought an influx of veterans to university campuses New institutions were established and universities continued to expand throughout the 1950s 60s and 70sWhile some public colleges date back to the 1920s most were established in the 1960s These institutions were created by provincial governments in response to a need for vocational and technical training to complement the education offered at universities Open access was a key objective for the new institutions Perhaps the most sweeping changes were made in Quebec where the province reconstituted some 200 classical colleges instituts familiaux and several technical institutes into a single systemThe 1990s again saw significant changes in Canadas postsecondary education systems Some public colleges and institutes were given degree-granting authority by their provincial governments and mechanisms were established to expand collegeuniversity credit transfer A small number of private postsecondary institutions also obtained permission to offer degree programs Information technology became readily available and increasingly blended with more traditional delivery systems Recruitment efforts to attract international students increased substantively after 20002Postsecondary InstitutionsIn the following sections Canadas postsecondary institutions are described on the basis of their degree-granting capacities this is how they have been presented historically Although the changing roles of institutions are making this kind of distinction less clear universities continue to grant more degrees while colleges of all types continue to grant more diplomas certificates and attestations In an increasing number of cases the same institution is both
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