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Through out modern political history scholars and political leaders have scrutinized existing electoral system and as a result also debated about the optimal way to translate votes into seats in the most democratic nature In the recent years democracy and legitimacy within an electoral system are often viewed as the foundation for reform Thus a growing number of Canadians have begun to question the legitimacy of Canadas first-past-the-post FPTP electoral system and the fashion in which it regionalizes political party representation in Parliament Under this type of system the winner in each constituency is the candidate who receives more votes than any other candidate but not necessarily more votes than all other candidates combined which is also known as plurality rather than a majority of votes cast The electoral system in Canada has provided many majority governments with direct ties between representatives and electors which have proven to be effective and stable However the forces of a majority government are often offset with its numerous weaknesses such as promoting regionalism and the misrepresentation of seat allocation in election outcomes After evaluating Canadas FPTP system and its leading alternative proportionate representation PR mixed member proportional MMP under the PR system can be a practical alternative to the first-past-the-post electoral system The benefits of the PR proportionality and FPTP stability and accountability are achieved producing a system where the needs of voters are accurately represented in the Parliament through the election of MPs in single member districts Currently the Canadian electoral system has resulted in a decreasing sense of national unity due to regional divisions which has also been the speculative cause for declining participation in voting and the adoption of MMP system would present Canadians with an accountable government accurately reflecting the needs and wants of the electorate Loenen 1997 In the last twenty and some years there has been an increase in public discontent with government politicians and the legitimacy of Canadas electoral system Loenen1997
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