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Carbon monoxide written with the chemical formula CO occurs as a gas found naturally in the atmosphere as well as created by man It has a density of 1161 kgm3 in gas form at 70ordmF barely less dense than that of air approximately 1202 kgm3 at 70ordmF CO is colorless and odorless but is flammable and burns in air with a characteristic blue flame producing carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide has a boiling point of -192 ordmC 81 K and a melting point of -205 ordmC 68 K CO has a linear geometry and three resonance structures two of which violate the octet rule Penny Carbon monoxide is also extremely poisonous to all warm-blooded animals and to many other forms of life Even 1 in the air is enough to kill a person within 2-4 hours while 1 in the air can kill a person in under 5 minutes When inhaled it combines with hemoglobin in the blood preventing absorption of oxygen and resulting in asphyxiation It is a reducing agent removing oxygen from many compounds and is used in the reduction of metals such as iron from their ores Penny Several major cycles and components in the atmosphere are affected by the release of carbon monoxide One of the major issues with carbon monoxide in the atmosphere has to do with its relation to greenhouse gasses components of the atmosphere that contribute to the greenhouse effect which warms the planet Reay One such issue is with hydroxyl OH radicals The hydroxyl radical is the neutral form of the hydroxide ion Hydroxyl radicals are highly reactive and consequently short lived and are often used as a detergent of the troposphere Uherek due to its oxidation of several pollutants including CO Carbon monoxide in the atmosphere can also lead to the formation of the tropospheric greenhouse gas ozone O3 through a series of reactions Although ozone is a key component of the troposphere when too much is
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