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Psychological Disorders The meaning of abnormality has gone through many drastically different changes throughout history It went from supernatural forces demons and witchcraft to physical illness Where exactly does the line of normality end and abnormality begin There are numerous behavioral disorders that are discussed throughout the chapter that clearly show where that line ends and begins The mind is a place where all of our thoughts actions and desires are born The mind is very complex and intriguing I believe that as mental health professionals learn more and more exactly how complex the mind is the more they learn how complex the disorders of the mind are I chose this particular chapter because Ive always been very fascinated with the mind and whats going through people minds when they display abnormal behaviors In a sense just wanting to know why people do the crazy things that they do Perspectives on Psychological Disorders Mental health professionals define abnormal behavior as either maladaptive life functioning andor serious personal discomfort Societys perspective is based upon the breaking of the norms For example going against whats socially expected Individual perspective is if the person is content with their life and well being Historical Views of Psychological Disorders Hippocrates had a more naturalistic view of psychological disorders It wasnt until the nineteenth century that mental illness received systematic scientific attention because of Hippocrates approach He maintained that mental illness was like any other sickness This came about as a result of people in the earlier centuries often attributing psychological disorders to supernatural forces The supernatural view of abnormal behavior really dominated early societies Conflicting Theories of the Nature Causes and Treatment of Psychological Disorders The biological psychoanalytic and cognitive-behavioral models of psychological disorders emerged during the late 1800s and early 1900s The biological model of psychological disorders states that abnormal behavior is caused by the
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