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Word Count: 798
Causes of the Russian Revolution The Russian revolution was caused by the continual breakdown of the governments in Russia and the incompetency and authoritarian views of its czars Their failures as leaders included policies that neither pleased nor benefitted the people By the end of the nineteenth century Russias economy government military and social organization was at an extreme decline Russia had become the least advanced of the major European nations in terms of political and social development There was no parliament and no middle class The Church officers and other important people and institutions were firmly against social progress The disastrous defeat of Russia in the Crimean War in 1855 and 1856 exposed weaknesses of Russias various organizations For the first few decades of the 1800s Russias outlook was brighter under Alexander I who was relatively liberal He became more reactionary however and following his death a group of young army officers tried to overturn the Czardom This was called the Decembrist Revolt The next czar Nicholas was a die hard authoritarian The Administrative system continued to decay regardless of his iron fisted rule The gap between the rich and the poorer continued to widen Over five hundred peasant revolts took place during his reign Alexander II who took the throne in 1855 tried to avert revolt by attempting reform In 1861 he freed the serfs and gave them expectations of free land allotments But to their surprise and anger they were only given the opportunity to share it as members of a village communemir In addition the mir had to pay back the government for the land over a period of 49 years with interest Alexander also formed a series of elected local councils that gave districts
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