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Word Count: 440
Phobic disorders make up a large part of the anxiety disorders anomalies A phobia is a persistent fear of objects or situations that are disproportional to the threat posed therein There are several distinct characteristics of phobias They are highly specific as to persons objects or situations People suffering from them display physical and cognitive attributes of anxiety however do not have an extreme distortion of reality While being the most common behavior disorder in the US phobias usually involve fears of ordinary things which does not appear to have physical explanations Phobias often interfere with normal routines which may cause occupational or social impairment There are three main categories of phobias simple social and agoraphobia Simple phobias extreme fears of a specific object that act as triggers is a catch-all category for all phobias that are not social or agoraphobic in nature This phobia which includes acrophobia and hydrophobia is more common in women than in men and is usually handled by powerful avoidance measures The second kind of phobia social phobia is a fear or being embarrassed or intensely scrutinized in a social environment and includes such fears as fear of public speaking fear of dating fear of social gatherings and fear of humiliation of public criticism People suffering from this usually try to deal by turning down social invitations or making quick exists from social situations This phobia which usually begins in adolescence often produces significant emotional distress and can impede career and educational goals The last phobia agoraphobia is the intense fear of large or busy places where people are afraid of incurring a panic attack Agoraphobia is a fear of fear Each of the major psychological perspectives has a different view on phobias The psychodynamic perspective perceives phobias as symptomatic of unconscious and displaced sexual and aggressive conflicts where displacement occurs from the original internal source within a person to an external object or a situation The learning perspective on
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