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Word Count: 537
Charles Darwin And Imperialism England went through dramatic changes in the 19th century English culture socio-economic structure and politics where largely influenced by the principles of science Many social expressions occurred due to these changes Transformations which categorized this time period could be observed in social institutions for instance the switch from popular Evangelicalism to atheism emergence of feminism and the creation of new political ideologies Liberalism Conservatism and Radicalism These are just a few of the changes that took place All of this social alteration can be attributed to the importance of science The English people began to trust more in empiricism and logical thought than in faith and glory of the empire One who contributed greatly to this transformation was Charles Darwin In his two most famous works The Origin of Species and The Decent of Man Darwin introduces the concept of the survival of the fittest and natural selection The Darwinian ideas introduced into English society justified a great number of political policies and social movements England at the turn of the century was still a largest power in the international system The English perceived through the justification of Darwinism they were fit to be the imperial hegemon in the world The issue this essay will deal with is Imperialism and how Darwinism justified its practice Darwin argued in his work The Decent of Man When civilised nations come into contact with barbarians the struggle is short except where a deadly climate gives its aid to the native race the grade of civilisation seems to be a most important element in success in competing nationsDarwin Decent of Man p 297 In this observation Darwin connotated superiority to civilized nations In this
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