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The World is forever in debt to China for its innovations Ancient China was extreme advance and many of its discoveries are still in use today This is what Robert Temple the author of The Genius of China 3000 years of science discovery and invention The book is based on 11 main parts of Chinese innovation Within these 11 categories there are three main parts that contain the most significant inventions Robert Temple concentrates the bulk of his examples in these three categories agriculture domestic and industrial technology and engineering Temples examples were not limited to these fields of innovation The Chinese excelled in many other areas including mathematics warfare and transportation to name a few Although Temple wrote about eleven fields of invention I feel that these three sections contain the greatest examples of Chinese innovation and the debt that the modern world owes China The first main area is the field of engineering Within this chapter the development of iron and steel is the greatest achievement The development of iron and steel led to other advances By at least the 4th century the Chinese have developed blast furnaces to obtain cast iron from iron ore This was twelve hundred years before the first blast furnace showed up in Europe The reasons that the author gave to explain why the Chinese developed this technology are simple The Chinese had access to large amounts of clay the key ingredient in making blast furnaces The Chinese also figured out that by adding a substance they called Black Earth they could lower the melting point of iron Another major invention of the Chinese that led to other achievements is steel The common belief today is that Henry Bessemer discovered the process of refining iron into steel The fact is Chinese had developed the process to refine iron into steel in the second century BC The Chinese learned that by injecting oxygen into the blast furnace they
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