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Piaget and Vygotsky were two theorists that agreed that cognitive development took place in stages throughout life They are characterized by different styles of thinking in early child learning development Piaget theorized that children reasoned and also they thought different throughout their lives He believed that children progressed through four different stages of cognitive development which is known as Piagets Stage Theory because it deals with four stages of development sensorimotor preoperational concrete operational and formal operational Vygotsky did not children as a solitary discoverer of knowledge but as learning within social interactions that involve communication Vygotsky theorized that the role of language is the development of the thinking process in infants through adults Similar to Piaget he saw children as active partners in their own learning and much as their ability to interact with others to developPiagets theory can be considered both continuous and discontinuous in which assimilation is continuous and one example of discontinuity is qualitative change Vygotskys sociocultural theory can also be considered both continuous and discontinuous because language acquisition and schooling can lead to stage changes Dialogues with different members of society can lead to continuous changes that vary from different environments and culturesPiaget believed that nature and nurture interact to produce cognitive development With nature he thought that maturation of the brain and body gave the ability to perceive learn and motivate a child With nurture he believed that children responded to the demands of the environment in ways that met their own goals Vygotsky believed that nature and nurture was hereditary in which brain growth and dialogues with more members of society together contributes to development His theory was that early and later experiences are important in development Piaget focused on the way an individual child acts upon objects in the environment in order to build mental models of the way the world works Vygotsky looked more closely at the way children acquire knowledge through interaction with
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