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Word Count: 475
The cognitive development of the school age child is progressing rapidly The two main cognitive processes at this time which allow the child to become a more effective communicator during the school age years are non-egocentrism and decentration Non-egocentrism is the childs ability to take on the perspective of others Until school age the child is egocentric and is unable to see things from anyones perspective but his own Non-egocentrism allows the child to use diactic terms correctly so he can describe ideas using deixis words such as here there this that me and you Decentration is the ability of the child to move from a rigid unidimentional description of events to a multidimensional description School age children can describe things multidimentionally as opposed to pre-schoolers who cannot do so yet These two cognitive concepts allow children to do things which they were previously unable to do such as tell narratives They become cognitively familiar with story grammar rules so that they are better able to understand stories as well as tell them more cohesively The childs social cognition also increases by school age This allows him to be a successful communicator with better conversational abilities His knowledge of people relationships and events increases The school age child can introduce a topic and maintain flow of conversation through several turns whereas a pre-schooler can only go through one or two turns in a conversation Also a school age child can shift in topics within a conversation As a result of the increased cognitive skills several abilities emerge and are mastered during the school years These include the use of disjuncts and conjuncts indirect requests conversational repairs and as mentioned before the increased use of diactic terms Disjuncts are phrases used to convey the speakers attitude towards the information thats being discussed ie to be honest to my surprise Conjuncts are connective devices used to show the relationship between ideas They signal a logical connection between
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