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In 1890 Congress passed the Sherman Anti-Trust Act Since then there has beenvery few companies that have violated this act In 1911 it was used it to break JDRockefellers Standard Oil trust in to 30 different competing companies Then in 1982ATTs monopoly was broken up in what has been called the biggest anti-trust case todate Now Microsoft has been charged and found guilty Americas History OfLack of trust in Microsoft started in 1991 when the Federal Trade CommissionFTC began its investigations that Microsoft had monopolized the market on PCoperating systems Their investigation continued until 1993 when the FTC came just twovotes short of filing a formal complaint against Microsoft for antitrust violations At thistime the FTC closed its investigations but the Justice Department and EuropeanCommission began independent searches Microsoft DOJ timeline 1999In 1994 Microsoft agreed to change their contracts with PC makers and got rid ofsome restrictions on other software makers thus settling both the Justice Department andEuropean Commissions antitrust investigations Then in January of 1995 Stanley Sporkin a US district judge rejects the settlement but in the June the US Court of Appealsreinstates the settlement In April of the same year Microsoft was prohibited from buyingIntuit because it could drive up software prices and diminish innovation MicrosoftIn October of 1995 the Justice Department sues Microsoft for supposedly violatingthe 1994 agreement by requiring Internet Explorer to be installed on all PCs loaded withWindows 95 The European Commission also begins looking into Microsofts practicesIn the same month Compaq Computer Corp the worlds largest personal PC makerclaimed that Microsoft threatened to terminate Compaqs Windows 95 license if theydidnt put Internet Explorer on any computers that they put Windows 95 on The nextmonth The Justice department charges Microsoft with knowingly integrating their webbrowser into Windows 95 in a desperate attempt to steal the market from NetscapeCommunications Corp Microsoft DOJ timeline 2000On December 11th 1997 Thomas Penfield Jackson a US District Judge issues apreliminary injunction
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