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Compare and contrast the internal policies of Mussolini and Stalin Mussolini and Stalin were two of the most significant dictators of the 20th century Both aimed to establish a totalitarian system but their different characters and circumstances in their respective countries resulted in two very different approaches in obtaining their goals At the beginning of Mussolinis era Mussolini was supported by the Liberals in parliament With their help he introduced strict censorship and altered the methods of election so that in 1925-1926 he was able to assume dictatorial powers and dissolve all other political parties Skilfully using his absolute control over the press he gradually built up the legend of The Duce a man who was always right and could solve all the problems of politics and economics Italy was soon a police state With those who tried to resist him for example the Socialist Giacomo Matteotti he showed himself utterly ruthless But Mussolinis skill in propaganda was such that he had surprisingly little opposition At various times after 1922 Mussolini personally took over the ministries of the interior of foreign affairs of the colonies of the corporations of the army and the other armed services and of public works Sometimes he held as many as seven departments simultaneously as well as the premiership He was also head of the all-powerful Fascist party formed in 1921 and the armed Fascist militia In this way he succeeded in keeping power in his own hands and preventing the emergence of any rival But it was at the price of creating a regime that was over centralized inefficient and corrupt Stalin much more radical than Mussolini secured his position as a leader through a series of political killings which reached their peak in the political purges of the 1930s In the purge trials many old Bolsheviks including Kamenev Zinoviev Aleksey Rykov and Bukharin were accused pleaded guilty and were executed Not only political opponents
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