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Though France and Britain ultimately developed two different governmental structures they were developed to solve administrative and social problems common to both countries The country of France had long been an absolutist state In an absolutist state sovereignty is embodied in the person of the rulerMcKayHillBuckler 531 This statement refers to the philosophy of divine right in which the ruler is answerable only to god KingsQueens were given the right to rule based upon their bloodline If a child was born into the royal family heshe would eventually rule for life Since this turn of fate was under the control of no human force rulers believed they were not answerable to any human This philosophy left no room for variance or compromise within the political structure There was no resemblance of the modern idea of checks and balances Rulers made decisions laws and policy based upon personal beliefs and desires As with any system there are pros and cons Within an absolutist state if the ruler is conscientious and effective he will do what is most beneficial for his constituents and the country will prosper Opposition to the government will be at a minimum and the crown can rule efficiently without having to spend its money or resources squelching rebellions Unfortunately a shortsighted inefficient ruler could destroy a country Britain established a constitutionalist state after the decline of royal absolutism Though this form of government is often considered to be the same as a democracy one must be quite clear that there is a difference Constitutionalism is the limitation of government by law McKayHillBuckler 549 In a constitutional monarchy such as in England the KingQueen is the head of state and has some political authority but the ultimate power rests with the electorate body This system more closely resembles our modern day idea of checks and balances The main difference to democracy is that in a democracy all people have the right to vote Both
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