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Aristotle vs Hobbes constitutes a debate between two great thinkers from two profoundly different periods of time Whereas Aristotle 384 - 322 BCE had been a part of the Greeks and more precisely Athenss Golden Age Thomas Hobbes 1588 - 1679 had lived through the English Civil War of 1640s to become one of the most influential philosophers Based on their own personal experiences and surroundings both Aristotle and Hobbes had developed a view of what human equality should sustain However Hobbes understanding of natural equality is preferable as he provides society with the extra room for equality and opportunity that the subjects of a good sovereign would experience to be available to them in comparison to Aristotles hierarchical division of people into natural superiors inferiors and slaves who are given very limited achievements and opportunities Aristotles idea of equality would have applied to all citizens who participate in the political life of the city-state in which they live By doing so they would have acquired the human virtues and excellences as well as achieve their natural telos as a political animal Aristotle p 4 Only within a city-state citizens are able to participate and enhance their political and practical reason thus reach their human telos As such the city-state is among the things that exist by nature Aristotle p 4 and living in one is the only possible natural outcome for humans However the term citizen in Aristotles perspective would not have applied to everyone but it would have been rather limited within the city-state The city-state had been formed as a household a partnership between persons who cannot exist without one another Aristotle 1252a27 and had later developed into a community of households villages the telos of which results in a chain of villages city-state It had come into existence to sustain our basic needs and it had stayed in order to support a better way of life The household is the main
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