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Compare and Contrast The Analects of Confucius and the Tao Te Ching although similar in their intent deliver different aspects of what is the ultimate good in life as well as how to reach that good Confucius takes a more active view in order to acquire jen or good through knowledge justice and obedience Lao-Tzu prefers a subtle approach to life in striving for self-contentment They also differ on the role the government should play in a persons quest for goodness These differences create opposing views on what is the true meaning of goodness Confucius fundamental goal is a society that promotes goodness From this society individual goodness will inevitably follow In order to reach this good he feels that one must be active in educating herself and acting as a teacher towards others Tzu-kung said If a ruler not only conferred wide benefits upon the common people but also compassed the salvation of the whole State what would you say of him Surely you would call him Good The Master said It would no longer be a matter of Good He would without a doubt be a divine Sage 122 Confucius believes that a leader who can instill goodness among her people will subsequently achieve a God-like status and in fact surpass good Lao-Tzu on the other hand believes that the ultimate good comes from being content with yourself This satisfaction is achieved by not acting or wu-wei and focusing instead on bettering yourself through reflection Therefore the Sage is devoted to non-action Moves without teaching Creates ten thousand things without instruction 2 The Tao does not place nearly as much importance on teaching through action Lao-Tzu finds it more rewarding to move through life accepting the situations that are placed in front of you and growing from those experiences Confucius differs from this approach and promotes active learning in book eight analect 17 in which he describes
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