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Word Count: 732
In the process of creating a new Federal government inevitable conflicts made compromise absolutely necessary At the Constitutional Convention in 1787 there were a number of differences between the delegates and the interests they represented These delegates came from different backgrounds and held different political views One issue that was hotly debated was the argument of how many representatives each state should be allowed The issue of including a Bill of Rights was also addressed As a result compromise was desperately needed One major issue the delegates encountered was giving fair representation to both large and small states The large states favored Madisons Virginia Plan According to the Virginia Plan there would be a bicameral 2 houses legislature with membership based on each states population The voters would elect members of the lower house who would then elect members of the upper house Both houses would vote for the countrys president and judges This was clearly not fair to the smaller states who would have less representation in this system The Virginia Plan would give the largest states the majority of power Instead small states favored Patersons New Jersey Plan The New Jersey Plan proposed a single-house congress in which each state had an equal vote There were seven small states meaning if they all voted together they would have the majority power Once again this system was not fair to the larger states This conflict between the small and large states was so heated that it almost threatened to break up the Constitutional Convention There was only one solution compromise The compromise reached has come to be known as The Great Compromise A delegate from Connecticut Roger Sherman proposed a two-house legislature consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives Accordingly Sherman had combined both the Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan to satisfy all states The Senate would have an equal number of Representatives from each state This would satisfy the states
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