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Computer Development from 1970-1990 Alienation Computerization Employment Mass-production These are some of the words associated with the introduction of computers into the work environment mainly beginning on a large scale basis in 1970 and continuing on to the present day and beyond Between the 1970s and 1990s the work environment was impacted significantly This initial development of computers for use in industry and business played an important role in the development of businesses New jobs have been created to deal with computers Mundane repetitive jobs have been taken over by computers The computer has even been introduced to the management level of businesses to assist in decision making All around the office computers have become commonplace Spencer 107 But what were these industries like before computers came to their assistance Obviously commerce functioned prior to the introduction of computers However employees were required to perform many tasks that automation eventually made easier These tasks have predominantly consisted of clerical operations such as check processing payroll inventory control bookkeeping etc However automation also included other tasks at the industrial and management level such as business planning marketing reports and sales reports Most of these tasks were performed using pencil and paper or in some cases the typewriter and every record or other document was stored by means of some filing method such as filing cabinets or book shelves Other tasks such as those involving the manipulation of machinery were done by hand If a machine had to be assembled it was assembled using mostly-human assembly lines Machines were not around to assist in handling substances substance manipulation and data reception from chemicals was also dealt with by hand Stern and Stern 238 In essence many tasks that were dealt with by hand were either repetitive dangerous or both As one might speculate problems then arose from the methods of handling these tasks Every task was subject to some type of human
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