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A major function of Congress is to oversee the administration of policies Therefore is called legislative oversight Oversight is not a highly visible or constituted-oriented function it is something that congressional committees have focused on in recent decades While congress doesnt exactly want to do this type of work because it is complicated and not widely publicized growing constitute complaints and exposed policy failures by the media have forced this rule Oversight allows congress to determine the success of failure of legislative policies For several years oversight was thought to be Congress neglected job because its members did not have the enough incentives to carry it out Congressmen would rather pass legislation establishing new programs or do other tasks that gave them positive attention rather than spend time reviewing administrative activities or evaluating the efficiency of a program During the growth of the federal government in the 1930s and 40s the need for oversight grew as well The Legislative Reorganization Act 1946 was a reform that clearly recognized the important of the oversight function and encouraged it in Congress However this act appeared to have failed because there was no incentive on behalf of the congress members Factors such as widespread public disenchantment with the government a shortage of resources and high levels of tension between branches are what instigates Congress to practice oversight The quality of oversight is the subject of many complaints from congressional members because it lacks continuity The objective of oversight is that it should be bipartisan free of political motives systematic comprehensive and well coordinated It must not intervene excessively and have clear reports that include follow-ups Oversight must be part of the political process Advocacy oversight focuses on programs that may need to improve in order to continue Therefore studies accept the goals of the programs and make important recommendations for reform In 1993 Congress passed the Government Performance and Results Act GPRA in order for
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