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Cross Cultural Evidence for the Fundamental Features of Extraversion There has yet to be any determining evidence defines the characteristics of extraversion The experimenters in this particular experiment have hypothesized that the facets of extraversion are somehow linked by reward sensitivity This hypothesis was also tested against a model in which they are linked by sociability There has been much work on this topic in the past beginning with the works of Jung and James in the early 20th centuryto the work of Watson and Clark in 1997 And even after a century of study they are still unable to truly define the characteristics of the extraversion dimension of personality In the many attempts to define extraversion Watson and Clark have defined six basic facets of the personality trait These are venturesome affiliation positive affectivity energy ascendance and ambition Researchers Depue and Collins in 1999 also offered a more succinct depiction of the characteristics of extraversion this only having three basic par ts The first being affiliation the enjoyment and value of close interpersonal bonds also being warm and affectionate The second agency being socially dominant enjoying leadership roles being assertive and exhibitionistic and having a sense of potency in accomplishing goals The final facet being impuslivity but this one has been argued upon whether it should be included at all in the characteristics of extraversion at all Their first study was composed of 443 college students from two large universities in the Midwest The participants were offered credit in their introductory psychology classes in return for their participation They completed a questionnaire as part of their participation 52 of the participants were men and 48 were women 94 were between the ages of 18 and 25 Only the 404 students that had complete data were used to set up the model that the experimenters formed The second study tried to show any coincidence between the findings of American students and international ones This
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