scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 1,859
Definitions of health and illness are very complex in that there are cultural differences in how societies classify what are health and illness the causes and the treatment However because disease occurs in patterns it is thought that the conditions that determine health chances are social conditions The way we think about health and illness is socially constructed as we are used to accepting the views of the medical profession In modern medicine our bodies are seen as machines and doctors as mechanics however studies by sociologists show that there is a range of environmental political and behavioural factors that contribute to the construction of health and illness In societies what appears to be abnormal or unacceptable is often labelled as disease conflicts arise because what accounts for illness differs from place to place and from time to time Numerous studies also show that a persons social class strongly affects health and longevity and that poverty and social class are the most important factors determining health The lower ones social rank the more prone one is to early death Beliefs about gender also influence attitudes to health and illness as what is natural becomes medicalised when womens natural reproductive cycles and childbirth are often treated as disease The Black report published in the 1980s showed that there was a pattern to the wealth and health experienced by the different social classes based on occupation the report showed health inequality and suggested that professionals fare better than managers managers fare better than skilled workers and so on down the line However there are also theories that try explaining the results of the Black report suggesting that the system of health care is not such an important factor as other life circumstances that affect the health of different classes The artefact theory suggests that the use of surveys for statistics is inaccurate because it fails to take into consideration the clinical iceberg where
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA