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Symbols are objects characters figures or colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts Many novels have two layers of meaning the first is in the literal plot while the second is in a symbolic layer in which images and objects represent abstract ideas and feelings Using symbols usually allows authors to express themselves indirectly on delicate or controversial matters According to the definition from the Oxford Advanced Learners English-Chinese Dictionary symbolism means the use of symbols to represent things esp in art and literature One famous example of symbolism is the letter A in The Scarlet Letter 1850 by American writer Nathaniel Hawthorne In the novel the character Hester Prynne wears a scarlet-colored A on her dress to symbolize adultery of which she was found guilty by judges in her community Generally speaking symbolism plays an important role in the development of the novel this narrative technique is used to give significance to certain people or object Hemingways work The Old Man and the Sea is notable for its use of symbolism the novel revolves around two major symbols the old man and the sea Besides that some other objects that are described in the novel also have their symbolic meanings such as Manolin the marlin the shark the lion etc The Old Man and the Sea is a novel of much symbolic and the thesis of this article is the analysis of various usage of symbolism in the novel 1 Different symbolic meanings of the old man 11 The old man Santiago stands for the indestructible spirit of human beings In the novel the old man living in very poor conditions is strong for his age and has a lot of scars and his hometown is a little fishing village in Cuba However he still firmly holds the belief that every moment in life is worth to live and that every day gives you new chances Every day is a new day
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