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The Dilemma of Style In the Nineteenth Century and How It Was Addressed Sebastian Devonshire Architecture since large-scale construction began has always been a means for establishments to represent and emanate the style and image that they wished to convey Be they for government the monarchy religion industry or for wealthy individuals the buildings would reflect a combination of what the commission outlined and what the architect codified within his or her own technique and vision To an architect style is the technique of building which encompasses a contemporary or historical approach and which is both fashionable and aesthetically pleasing At the same time style should be regarded as the subtle division between the building as a service and the building as a piece of art Much of Nineteenth century architecture has its roots within the Classic style of ancient Greece and Rome but much of what this essay will discuss is how the architects of the Nineteenth century were torn between the disintegration of the classical tradition and the rise of the Modern Movement Architects were faced with of a dilemma of choice between alternative systems of design The main styles which encompassed architecture around the modern world during the Nineteenth century were Neo-classical and Gothic revival with modern style constructions emerging more towards the end of the century Neo Classicism usually refers to a revival of the principles of ancient Greek and Roman art and architecture and in many ways strongly manifests a respect for antiquity and the strength and genius behind classical construction methods Neo Classic buildings were often intended to represent a certain grandeur and stature resulting in imposing institutional ramifications but at the same time reducing the structure itself to its basic geometric elements The great arch of Chalgrins Arc de Triomphe de lEtoile Figure 1 reflects what has been described as the megalomania of rulers a dominating structure which echoed Napoleons obsession for power
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