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Article One Section One of the United States Constitution states All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives which provides for a bicameral legislature Many people feel that this may be one of the most important provisions of the Constitution and most citizens cannot imagine any other system of legislature But for all the brilliant arguments made in praise of a bicameral legislative body one important philosophical point seems to have been overlooked Support for bicameralism was tacitly agreed to by the support of the doctrine of separation of powers The inclusion of a separation of powers can therefore be considered an even more significant provision of the Constitution because it contained both the doctrine of separation and albeit implicitly the theoretical underpinnings of bicameralism However it would not be beneficial to completely disregard bicameralism as the most important provision of the Constitution The theoretically important writings of the framers both those in favor of and those opposed to serve as an excellent point of entry to both the subject of separation of powers and the underpinnings of bicameralism implicit in that doctrine and as such should be examined here In The Founders Constitution Kurland and Lerner write that American acceptance of bicameralism stemmed from a combination of respect for the British constitution their theoretical vision of a truly balanced government and the examples already made by several states p355-6 The authors contend that bicameralism presented itself as a protection from shortsighted and passionate legislation such as the legislation passed by Parliament that propelled the Colonists to declare independence Indeed safety from the passions and shortsightedness of an elite ruling class was precisely what compelled most colonies to adopt a representative democracy in the first place But where many states differed from the British model was in their use of a unicameral legislature Republicus argued that a
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