scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 1,942
Along with Marx and Weber Durkheim outlined the characteristics of the transition of society to modernity and what was problematic with this shift This essay will explain Durkheims ideas on this transition concentrating on the division of labour and social cohesion I will explain how this path to modernity may lead to a state of anomie and outline the links Durkheim made with anomie and suicide Finally I will look at uses of the term made since Durkheim and conclude with an assessment of the usefulness of the concept today In understanding the transition to modernity Durkheim like Marx took a holistic approach and argued that society cannot be reduced to individualssociety was argued Durkheim a phenomenon in its own right It did not depend upon the intentions and motivations of individuals for its continued existence In his aim to establish sociological autonomy to establish Sociology as a discipline sui generis Durkheim sees society as more than just the individuals who constitute that society believing in the ability to explain individual action in terms of society as a whole Thus in outlining the evolution of social phenomena Durkheim saw a fundamental difference between pre-industrial and industrial societies In the former there is relatively little social differentiation the division of labour is comparatively unspecialised Social solidarity in pre-industrial societies is based on similarities between individual members - they share the same beliefs and values and to a large degree the same roles This uniformity binds members of society together in a close-knit communal life Durkheim refers to unity based on resemblance as mechanical solidarity Individuals feel moral obligation to others because others are like themselves Society is built around repressive law and thought and morality are dominated by the collective conscience ie by beliefs and sentiments that everyone shares Durkheim thought that the division of labour in modern societies created a new basis for social integration which he called organic solidarity Where traditional
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA