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Increased economic development in Asian cities leads to the massive increase of population growth as results from a rapid and unplanned urbanization Hopke et al 2008 Dahiya 2012 presents on her article that urban population in Asia already reached the numbers of 165 billion people in 2010 or equal with 42 of the total population Urbanization continues to challenge the development of the cities especially in Asia Undergoing urbanization follows by rapid rate of economic development in Asian countries has resulting in high levels of exposures to urban air pollution WHO 2002 recorded that over 500000 deaths and 46 million of people lost their healthy lives worldwide caused by the high exposures to urban air pollution HEI 2010 Furthermore United Nations estimated that in 2002 600 million people in urban areas worldwide were exposed to the dangerous of air pollution especially from traffic-related pollutants Cacciola et al 2002 in Xianglu and Naher 2006 These numbers are expected to increase more in developing countries as many countries are still struggling to reduce the hazardous impacts on air pollution As urbanization and population growth still emerging urban population are continue to face hazardous effects of air pollution Unlike developed countries that have gradually researched and improve their air quality from past decades some countries in Asian have just started to raise concern about air quality Some of them have started from years ago but still find that their policies are not effective due to various reasons The scarcity of exposure assessment studies weak political will from governments and lack of trust between government and community are amongst several factors posing challenges to air quality management of Asian countries McGranahan and Murray 2003 Han and Naeher 2006 Indonesia is one of the countries that has severe problem of air pollution and the residents of major cities in this country suffer the most from air pollution The capital city of Indonesia which holds as well the largest metropolitan area
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