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What is Ecstasy In 1912 scientists created a new chemical derivative of amphetamine 34-methylenedioxyemthamphetamine or MDMA and patented it soon afterwards for use as a versatile chemical intermediate in the synthesis of other pharmaceuticals For reasons that have been lost over time the company that invented this compound did little to explore its own properties as a drug In fact there was little interest in MDMA before the 1950s In the 1970s many psychotherapists used as a regular part of therapy with some calling it penicillin for the soul because of the way that it seemingly enhanced communication in patient sessions and supposedly allowed users to reach important healing insights about their problems The popularity of MDMA as club drug or party drug which was used at raves or all-night dance parities began in Europe in the late 1980s - about 5 years earlier than in the United States It is also the same time that MDMA got a new nickname Ecstasy also XTC and E given to it by the newest group to experiment with it In great Britain and Germany researchers have found that MDMA users - and even former users who have not taken the drug for at least 6 months - perform more poorly on some tests of memory and learning than do nonusers MDMA also is associated with psychological problems such as anxiety and depression Evidence showed that this compound was not harmless and could caused damaging effects on serotonergic neurons As a result in 1985 the US Drug Enforcement Administration added MDMA to the Schedule I list of drugs with no accepted medical use In 1990 MDMA use began to expend rapidly in the United States with more pills going to younger populations This upsurge in use led to an increase in drug-related problems For instance MDMA-related hospital emergency room incidents increased from 253 in 1994 to 4511 in 2000 MDMA now is being used not
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