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Erik Erikson and the Socialisation of Individuals Erik Erikson 1902 1994 said we develop in psychosocial stages Erikson emphasized developmental change through out the human life span In Eriksons theory eight stages of development unfold as we go through the life span Each stage consists of a crisis that must be faced According to Erikson this crisis is not a catastrophe but a turning point of increased vulnerability and enhanced potential The more an individual resolves the crisis successfully the healthier development will be Erikson recognised the basic notions of Freudian theory but believed that Freud misjudged some important dimensions of human development Erikson said that humans develop through their lifespan while Freud said our personality is shaped by five Erikson developed eight psychosocial stages that humans encounter throughout their life The stages are Trust vs Mistrust Autonomy vs Shame Doubt Initiative vs Guilt Industry vs Inferiority Identity vs Inferiority Identity vs Role Confusion Intimacy vs Isolation Generativity vs Stagnation and Integrity vs Despair Each stage has a certain optimal time as well It is no use trying to rush children into adulthood as is common amoung people who are obsessed with success Neither is it possible to slow the pace or try to protect our children from the demands of life There is a time for each task If a stage is managed well we carry away a certain virtue or psychosocial strength which will help us through the rest of the stages of our lives On the other hand if we dont do so well we may develop maladaptations as well as endanger all our future development Stage 1 Trust vs Mistrust Birth to 12 18 months The task in the stage of infancy is to develop trust without eliminating the capacity for mistrust If the mother responds to the needs of the infant in a consistent
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