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How would the investigator adequately obtain informed consent fromminorsWhat were the potential risks to these youth from study participationWere there also possible risks to the researcher during the conduct ofthe study What were the statutory obligations of the researcher in reporting casesof child abuse and neglect What were his ethical obligations to thestudy participants should he discover evidence of abuse problems withdrug and alcohol use or significant mental illness Issue 1 The IRB for decided it was appropriate to approve a waiver ofsigned consent as per 45 CFR 46117c1 In order to avoid breach ofconfidentiality each subject would be asked however whether heshedesired documentation of study participation and if so written informedconsent would be obtained with a copy provided to the subject Issue 2 The IRB determined that the researchers knowledge of thepopulation and the location minimized the potential for harm to eithersubjects or the investigator The investigator will approach theparticipants as a group rather than individually to ensure that hispresence would not be misunderstood was found adequate In relation tothe journals the participant was provided the option of returning thejournal at any time to the researcher in person at a mutually agreedupon time and place or to return it by mail in a pre-stamped envelopeThe researcher was forbidden however to record any identifiers ineither the interviews or the journals and was required to destroy thetapes and journals at the completion of the studyIssue 3 The investigator did agree with the IRB of the need to reportto the authorities any concerns of risk of imminent harm to participantsor to himself The researcher would be prepared to provide participantswith information on how and where to access help for drug and alcoholabuse housing and other problems only if requested by the participant3 For each decision please tell me whether you agree or disagree andwhyDecision 1 Agree Because runaway and homeless youth aredisconnected from their families and from
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