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Authority Central In the brink of colonization wealth was in the eyes of many monarchs England searching for the best way to amass in wealth saw mercantilism Mercantilism was a theory in which a country was to export more and import less therefore making the gold and silver flow into the countrys treasury A great way to import less was if a country could provide its own needs When a country cant provide its own needs a country must simply expand to other places where their need can be supplied This was the reason for the colonies But to gain the most wealth the King must have authority over the colonies The King tried to centralize the colonies by means of a royal charter and proprietary land grants Royal charters were presented to several colonies during the era of colonization An example of this was when King James I issued royal charters to the Virginia Company of London to colonize Virginia He did this without a doubt since a flourishing trade meant more money and a bigger treasury At first the colony was ridden with death and sickness So the Virginia Company decided to attract more people by giving headrights or land ownership to the settlers This caused more immigration and soon after the tobacco boom England gained the flourishing trade it hoped for but it was unable to centralize authority over the colony And even though King James I tried to rule the colonys government with his own royal administration the colony still made laws for itself The House of Burgesses resisted the Kings representative and had most of the authority in the colony Another example of royal charter was the Massachusetts Bay Colony The Massachusetts Bay Company received a royal charter confirming exclusive rights to settle and trade in most of present-day Massachusetts and New Hampshire In the original charter a General Court composed of a governor and advisers were
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