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Exploration In the late 1400s political economic social cultural and technological changes made the Europeans explore the African coast and cross the Atlantic OceanPortuguese explored the coast of Africa and found a route to AsiaLater Spain sent Colombus to sail west to find a short cut to India because the trips were too expensive and he ended up finding the New World which was America These explorations led to convergence of cultures in North America Africa as well as the European nations Europeans were encouraged to explore voyages because of a desire to find a new route to riches of Asia and a curiosity about the worldEuropeans used compass and an astrolabe as a new technology to navigate gunpowder to make them more confidentEuropean desire for goods grew as a result of Crusades but long trips made it expensive Italian monopoly with the Arab traders led the other European countries to seek new routes to get around the monopolySpain and Portugal led the way in explorationPortugal sent explorers down the coast of AfricaAs a result of that later Vasco de Gama reached IndiaIn Spain Queen Isabella sent Colombus to go west and find shorter route to India instead he discovered the New WorldThe discovery of new lands led Europeans to set up coloniesIn the order of wealthiest and the size of the empire Spain Portugal England France Holland were the leading colonial powersExplorations led to increase of power and competition for colonies that led to war among them Christianity and culture were spreadEuropeans mistreated natives because of ethnocentrismBecause of Europeans coming to the New World new diseases were discovered which led many natives to die and so Europeans made Africans to come as the slavesThis led to harmful effect on the development of Africa Colombuss voyages had profound effect on Europe tooMerchants and monarchs saw a chance to increase their wealth and influence as well as power People saw a chance to live in
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