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Word Count: 494
121 Causes of the Russian Revolution Various factors and forces led to the Russian Revolution of 1917 The economic factors were the main factors contributing to the Revolution as they resulted in poverty misery and exploitation of the masses by the nobility Russia was mainly a highly backward agricultural country before the revolution The royal family the nobility and the clergy owned most of the agricultural land Only between three and ten acres of land was owned by 70 of the peasants Many of them had to earn their livelihood only 2 acres land or even less In addition they had to use primitive tools implements and methods of cultivation which were not very productive Further the poor peasants became poorer as they had to pay huge sums of rent and tributes to their landlords every year This created great discontent among the farmers who were ready to revolt against the Czarist government in order to end this economic and social system In the industrial sphere too Russia was backward and depended only on foreign capital The workers and laborers had to endure miserable working conditions They received extremely low wages and worked for 12 to 14 hours a day They had to go without any medical relief in case of an accident while on duty They did not even have a weekly holiday It was considered a crime to form trade unions Moreover the government did not attempt to improve these conditions Instead the Russian villages and cities suffered from poverty dirt and disease caused by the exorbitant land revenue and the unbearably high taxes and levies There was an imbalance in the social structure owing to the above economic factors As a result 70 of the Russian population was illiterate The social structure of Russia was completely devoid of education medical relief and public health The masses being poor hungry diseased and ignorant were highly addicted to vodka a very powerful intoxicant Above
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