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There is no single group or cause to blame for the division of Korea and there are no clear-cut consequences of the division The division itself political factionalism among Korean parties and the rivalry between the USA and USSR were all initial factors in the Korean divide but later contested legitimacy and entrenched differences which were caused by division itself became more important The division had a negative affect on the politics of both Koreas as a catalyst for authoritarianism Initially it also had mostly negative affects on the economies of both nations and later in developing different ideologies for development Finally the culture of the two Koreas was formed under the influence of division and this affected not only the political cultures of the two Koreas as will have already been discussed but also the attitude of Koreans toward the military and in regard to foreign affairs The initial temporary division of Korea was a cause of permanent division and the continuing division entrenching the split giving rise to a situation of contested legitimacy At the end of WWII the USA was to disarm the Japanese in Korea they did not have the capability to do this alone so the USSR also entered Korea The two forces agreed that the USSR would occupy the north and the USA the south at this time the two nations also agreed that the administration of civil affairs would be divided and placed under the control of the respective nations This allowed the USA and USSR to effectively occupy the South and North and the newfound political independence received by Koreans was limited and shaped by the occupying nations Because the policies of the USA and USSR were so different and the two great powers were so committed to achieving a different type of Korean government Their separate occupation of Korea and control of administration even at this early stage made the prospect reunification problematic
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