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Frantz Fanon Black Skin White Mask explores for the first time on film the pre-eminent theorist of the anti-colonial movements of this century Fanons two major works Black Skin White Masks and The Wretched of the Earth were pioneering studies of the psychological impact of racism on both colonized and Coloniser Jean-Paul Sartre recognised Fanon as the figure through whose voice the Third World finds and speaks for itself This innovative film biography Issac Julien Frantz Fanon Black Skin white Mask 1995 California Newsreel San Francisco restores Fanon to his rightful place at the center of contemporary discussions around post-colonial identity Born in Martinique in 1925 Fanon received a conventional colonial education When he went to France to fight in the Resistance and train as a psychiatrist his assimilationist illusions were shattered by the gaze of metropolitan racism Out of this experience came his first book Black Skin White Masks 1952 originally titled An Essay for the Disalienation of Blacks Fanon here defined the colonial relationship as the psychological non-recognition of the subjectivity of the colonized Soon after taking a position at a psychiatric hospital in Algeria Fanon became involved in the bitter Algerian civil war eventually leaving his post to become a full-time militant in the Algerian National Liberation Front FLN Out of this struggle Fanon wrote his most influential book The Wretched of the Earth which Stuart Hall describes as the bible of the decolonization movement Fanon died of leukaemia in 1961 just as Algeria was winning its independence But his seminal texts continue to challenge us to liberate ourselves from all forms of psychological domination In the article from his book Frantz Fanon says Fanon Frantz Black Skin White Mask 195218 that the Negro of the Antilles will be proportionately whiter that is he will come closer to being a real human being in direct ratio to his mastery of the French language He means to say that the
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