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A ten year old boy is genetically tested and it is revealed that he has a genetic mutation that may cause colon cancer Does it sound great that doctors can stop the disease Well believe it or not there are some downfalls to this genetic testing In this report I will explain how genetic testing works some benefits and downfalls to it and my opinion of the topic On chromosomes inside the cell there are tiny factors called genes They are made of thousands of nucleotides on a strand of DNA Between 100000 and 300000 genes are arranged along 23 pairs of chromosomes in every human cell What scientists are trying to do is to map out the location of each gene on the DNA strand Fourteen-hundred genes have already been mapped including the genes for Alzheimers disease cleft palate and cystic fibrosis The benefits for this genetic testing or The Human Genome Project as its called are pretty much endless For example it could lead to and array of new diagnostic tools drugs vaccines medical treatments and Social Security cards based on an individuals genetic code It could also predict if men or women are likely to get heart disease mental illness or cancer Finally it might answer the question of what causes a fertilized egg to develop into a human Anything this good has to have a down side to it First of all right now the insurance companies and employers have access to the results of the gene testing So if you tested positive for a gene that causes cancer you might be denied health and life insurance Secondly some parents might abort their child during pregnancy if they find out their child has a gene that causes a genetic disease If this happened in the past it would have eliminated the life of Winston Churchill and other important people In my opinion The Human Genome Project is a good idea
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