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Genetically modified foods are highly controversial yet they are very common in the United States Few consumers know this because they are being kept in the dark Because the majority of food consumed in the United States contains genetically modified ingredients these foods must be labeled Consumers must be able to make the decision whether or not to support genetically modified foodsIn order to more fully understand the debate of genetically modified organisms or GMOs one must understand what they are and how they are created Stated simply a GMO is an organism containing another organisms genes Scientists refer to them as transgenic organisms There is an exact process used in genetic modification Two things are needed first deoxyribonucleic acid DNA from a donor cell and a plasmid from the recipient cell - the organism being modified Donor DNA can come from a plant animal or bacterium The DNA is then inserted into the plasmid which is a small circular strand of DNA found within a cell that is separate from the main strand of chromosomal DNA A recombinant plasmid is then created by using restriction enzymes Restriction enzymes are able to cut DNA strands at a specific section and pin point a specific gene When both the plasmid and donor DNA are cut they will connect to each other due to complementary base pairing The recombinant plasmid is then ready to be put in the recipient cell There are a few ways by which this can be done By using an electrical current small holes can be temporarily opened up and the DNA sent through Another way is to directly shoot pellets coated with DNA through the cell membrane The plasmid can also be put inside a fatty bubble which will fuse with the cell membrane and be delivered inside The last way is by way of a virus This requires removing the harmful parts of the virus and inserting the
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