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Word Count: 743
As man progressed through the various stages of evolution it is assumed that at a certain point he began to ponder the world around him Of course these first attempts fell short of being scholarly As time passed on though these ideas persisted and were eventually tackled by the more intellectual so-called philosophers This excavation of the external world began As the authoritarianism of the ancients gave way to the more liberal views of the modernists two main positions concerning epistemology and the nature of the world arose The first view was exemplified by the empiricists who stared that all knowledge comes from the senses In opposition the rationalists maintained that knowledge comes purely from deduction and that this knowledge is processed by certain innate schema in the mind Those that belonged to the empiricist school of thought developed quite separate and distance ideas concerning the nature of the substratum of sensible things were composed of material substance the basic framework for the materialist position The main figure who believed that material substance did not exist is George Berkeley In truth it is the immaterialist position that seems the most logical when placed under close scrutiny The initial groundwork for Berkleys position is the truism that the materialist is the skeptic His idea is that no one can ever perceive the real essence of anything In short the materialist feels that the information received through sense experience gives a representative picture of the outside world and one cannot penetrate to the true essence of an object This makes logical sense for the only way to perceive this real essence would be to become the object itself Although the idea is logical it does contain a certain grounding for agnosticism Let the reader consider this if there is no way to actually sense the true material essence of anything and all knowledge in empiricism come from the senses then the real material essence can
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