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The term gothic was first used by Renaissance critics to describe architecture that didnt conform to the styles of the Greeks and Romans In the 12th century an abbot of the St Denis monastery Suger used Gothic style in his monastery where Gothic art first started Gothic architecture was ubiquitous throughout France and Western Europe throughout the Middle Ages During the 19th century American architects began to lose interest in Greco-Roman Classicism As a result they looked at alternatives for inspiration They turned to medieval and non-classical forms of building Gothic revival came to the United States from England in the 1830s Richard Upjohn a cabinet maker and draftsman immigrated to the United States in 1829 He was responsible for many works like the Trinity Church in New York City 1846 and St Pauls Cathedral in Buffalo 1851 He published Rural Architecture in 1852 Upjohns works and writings were the basis and served as the blueprint of many buildings throughout the country Alexander Jackson Davis was the first American architect to revive Gothic style He published floor plans and three-dimensional views in his 1837 book Rural Residences His design for Lyndherst became a showplace for the Gothic revival style Daviss friend and fellow architect Andrew Jackson Downing wrote books on gothic styled cottage villas in 1837 It was mainly because of Downing that rural America became flowered with wooden Gothic architecture American gothic revival occurred in the 19th century from 1830 to 1860 It was made popular by architects and artists like Andrew Jackson Downing Alexander Jackson Davis and Richard Upjohn The style was mainly used for cottages villas wooden houses commercial buildings and churches
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