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Metamorphosis is a change in physical form or structure In The Metamorphosis there is a literal change in the protagonist Gregor Samsas physical form from a man to an insect This metamorphosis brings to light one of the major themes in the novel the theme of alienation Todays society demands conformity to its norms and any individual who refuses to accept these faces alienation Such is the fate of Gregor in the story Before Gregors metamorphosis he is alienated from his job humanity his family and even his body The metamorphosis however takes the alienation to a different plane In the story Gregors job precipitates his alienation from society his family and himself Gregors initial alienation is from his physical body and as the story progresses we find that Gregors life as an insect is not much different from his life as a human From the first few paragraphs we get the impression that Gregors metamorphosis has only transformed him from one body to a less convenient one He does not seem frazzled by his transformation but explores his new body and tries to work with it He observes his numerous legs which were pitifully thin compared to the rest of his bulk Kafka 494 he feels a dull ache he had never experienced before 495 and he discovers a place on his body that he cannot itch Gregor does not seem to have any emotional change due to this transformation This is evident when he wakes up after his transformation and is annoyed that he cannot go to sleep because he cannot turn onto his right side He also thinks about how he can no longer attend work Gregor is a traveling salesman and over time his continuous obsession with his job seems to dehumanize him and make him less personal but more mechanical He develops a prudent habit acquired in traveling of locking all doors during the night Kafka 497 which he
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