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Word Count: 325
President Harry Truman was determined to avoid what he regarded as the errors of the American past military weakness and a reluctance to get involved in international problems Thus Truman could be expected to protest Soviet expansion in Eastern Europe He did so adopting a policy of toughness in his dealings with Moscow He was however not eager to provoke another war The Truman Doctrine was the beginning of the United States effort to contain Communism from expanding the containment policy On March 12 1947 president Harry S Truman initiated the policy He made a speech claiming Communist actions were threatening American security According to president Harry Truman history was now dominated by a struggle between the free and non-free ways of life and he proposed that the United States should support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures and assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way As a result the Greek and Turkish governments successfully resisted the pressure The containment policy was extended effectively to Western Europe with the Marshall Plan in a few words the Marshall Plans goal was to lend money to European countries so they would be able to rebuilt their economy and avoid communism and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO For the Marshall Plan the Congress of the United States appropriated more than 13 billion in aid 70 was spent for goods in the US the Economic Cooperation administration distributed the money and the Organization for European Economic Cooperation OEEC spent it The largest amounts of money went to Britain France Italy and West German in that order As cold War tensions rose in 1949 money was spent on the military rather than industrial rebuilding When the Marshall Plan ended in 1952 Europes region industrial production stood 35 above prewar levels West Germany was independent and economically booming and Western Europe was free
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