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The Various Types of Birth Control and Their Side Effects
The large variety of contraceptive options available today have indisputably enabled women to positively take control of their reproductive health by serving as one of the greatest sources of reproductive agency for those who do not wish to have a child. Not only can these methods prevent pregnancy; some can also enable wom...
The Applications of Nanotechnology in Fetal Imaging and Prenatal Testing
“Of the approximately 4 million babies born in the United States each year, about 120,000 (3 percent) have a complex birth defect. Maternal-fetal specialists have long known that some birth defects could be successfully treated after birth. But as technology, fetal imaging and prenatal testing have improved in the past few...
A Discussion on the Factors That Have a Negative Impact on the Fetus
Teratogens A prenatal environment is constituted as a mother’s womb, however, every level of physical, social, and cultural contexts outside of the womb also constitute as the prenatal environment. There are several environmental substances or agents known as teratogens that could harm a developing fetus while in the...
The Health Risk and Financial Responsibility in Getting In vitro Fertilization
Since the first baby using this procedure was born in 1978, in vitro fertilization has rapidly become the new way to for couples that cannot conceive children to actually conceive. Since then, more than 5 million babies have been born through in vitro fertilization. Through this process the sperm and the egg are actually f...
The Female Reproductive System and Its Response to Stress
The regulatory axis of the reproductive system is the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal hormone cascade (Sanders, 2009). It is the extended limb of stress system together with the sympatheticardreno-medullar efferent and parasympathetic systems. It is involved in the transfer of signals between the central nervous system and t...
The Medical Aspects of Female Genital Mutilation
Instead of being horrified and outraged at female “circumcision,” Westerners ought to relegate the scrutinized practice to a clinical bookshelf in the library of anthropology as a “medical subspecialty.” Coming from the Greek words anthropos, meaning “human,” and logos, meaning “word” or “study of”; the discipline of anthro...