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The Chair The Needle The Gas Chamber The death penalty or capital punishment is a controversial issue that a lot of people have debated It has been part of the criminal justice system since the earliest of times During the 1700 BC the Babylonians decreed death for crimes even minor ones The early Egyptians were also accustomed to the enforcement of the death penalty Egyptians were sentenced to death for a crime such as disclosing the location of sacred burial grounds In todays world capital punishment is still a part of the criminal justice system Every time someone is sentenced to death a question of whether capital punishment is right arises Should it be included in our justice systems In dealing with the issue of whether capital punishment is right or not we should consider all of the arguments involved We must consider the economic argument the deterrence argument the retributive argument and the utilitarian argument for capital punishment After understanding these arguments we will see that although a majority of people thinks putting criminals to death is wrong and must be banned the practice of capital punishment is nonetheless a justifiable option Historical Information Capital punishment is the oldest and most commonly used punishment since the earliest times It is a punishment that is still used in our modern justice systems Capital punishment is retained in 92 countries and territories in 1990 including the United States 37states China and Islamic Countries1 In the Collins College Dictionary Capital punishment is defined as the punishment of death for committing a serious crime In Roman law the term had a wider significance and meant besides the summum supplicium death those punishment that affected the caput status of the citizens namely banishment aquae et igni interdictio under the republic or deportatio deportation under the empire and condemnation in opus perpetum of a life sentence to hard labor2 The earliest forms of capital punishment were
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