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History of the Detective Novel Perhaps the first crime writer was Cicero He was born Marcus Tullius Cicero in Arpinum a small town on the outskirts of Rome on January 3 106 BC As a young man in Rome his skill as an orator had already begun to grow He began to plead cases in the public forum in his 20s becoming well known in a very short period of time By the time he was in his mid-30s he was the most recognised pleader at the Roman bar A magistrate as well as a public speaker at 42 he was elected Consul Romes highest office His main skill however was that he was a consummate writer as well as a statesman His extensive writings included 58 speeches about ten thousand pages of philosophy and rhetoric and some eight hundred letters He was perhaps most famous however for his speeches in the Roman courts and Senate Since there were no newspapers or any form of organised news flow in Ancient Rome these speeches took on tremendous importance providing news for the public as well as entertainment All of Ciceros speeches were copied circulated read and reread But undoubtedly the originator of the modern day detective story was Edgar Allan Poe Although he is best know as a poet he was also considered the founder of the detective story His five mystery short stories introduced many of the conventions and cliches that the genre would later become famous for His greatest contribution was the creation of his detective C Auguste Dupin who appeared in three of Poes works Dupin was the first character of his kind a man who relied on his ability to observe and reason to solve crimes instead of merely waiting for the outcome or guessing He first appeared in The Murders in the Rue Morgue 1841 in which he attempts to clear the name of a
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