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History of the internet Introduction The Internet has revolutionized the computer and communications world like nothing before The invention of the telegraph telephone radio and computer set the stage for this unprecedented integration of capabilities The Internet is a world-wide broadcasting capability a mechanism for gathering information and a medium for communication and interaction between individuals and their computers without regard for geographic location The Internet represents one of the most successful examples of the benefits of sustained investment and commitment to research and development of information infrastructure Beginning with the early research in packet switching the government industry and academia have been partners in evolving and deploying this exciting new technology Today the average person commonly uses terms like mclennoxilinknisza and httplennoxw3to The Internet today is a widespread information infrastructure the initial prototype of what is often called the National Information Infrastructure Its history is complex and its influence reaches not only to the technical fields of computer communications but throughout society as we move toward increasing use of online tools to accomplish electronic commerce information acquisition and community operations The Initial Internet Concepts The original ARPANET grew into the Internet Internet was based on the idea that there would be multiple independent networks beginning with the ARPANET as the pioneering packet switching network but soon to include packet satellite networks ground-based packet radio networks and other networks In this approach the choice of any individual network technology was not dictated by a particular network architecture but rather could be selected freely by a provider and made to interwork with the other networks Up until that time there was only one general method for federating networks This was the traditional circuit switching method where networks would interconnect at the circuit level passing individual bits on a synchronous basis along a portion of an end-to-end circuit between a pair of end locations Kleinrock had shown in 1961 that
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