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An antacid is a medication taken by mouth for the purpose of relieving pain associated with acid indigestion ulcers and heartburn The name anti-acid literally means opposite acid with respect to the pH scale which will be discussed later the opposite of an acid is a base so it is not surprising to learn that commercially sold antacids are basic or alkaline They work by neutralizing excess stomach acids created during the digestive process Although over-the-counter antacids are generally free from side effects a small percentage of people may experience a chalky taste constipation diarrhea increased thirst or stomach cramps Since many antacids coat the stomach as part of the acid-neutralization process they often interact with and prevent the proper absorption of some other medications To prevent this from happening a person should take the antacid at least one hour before or after taking the other medication Some common household antacids include Tums Rolaids Maalox Mylanta and Baking Soda All alkaline antacids possess at least one of the following active ingredients aluminum calcium magnesium sodium or simethicone Although some newer antacids like Zantac and Pepcid work by suppressing stomach acid secretion instead of altering its pH the aim of this experiment is to evaluate the efficiency of alkaline antacids The three antacids to be used in the experiment are Quick-Dissolve Maalox Regular Strength with active ingredient calcium carbonate Phillips Milk of Magnesia with active ingredient magnesium hydroxide and everyday Arm Hammer Baking Soda with active ingredient sodium bicarbonate Your complete digestive system is known as the Alimentary Canal or the GI Tract From start to finish it is approximately thirty feet in length which is about the height of decent-sized house The Alimentary Canal consists of many parts including the mouth the esophagus the stomach the small intestine and the large intestine or the colon The mouth softens and grinds up the food you take in the food is then swallowed and travels to
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