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World History I Final Report The Buddha THE LIFE OF BUDDHA Buddha was an Indian philosopher and the founder of Buddhism born in Lumbini Nepal He was the son of the head of the Sakya warrior caste with the private name of Siddhartha in later life he was known also as Sakyamuni Sage of the Sakyas The name Gautama Buddha is a combination of the family name Gautama and the appellation Buddha meaning Enlightened One From the available evidence Buddha apparently showed an early inclination to meditation and reflection displeasing his father who wanted him to be a warrior and ruler rather than a religious philosopher Yielding to his fathers wishes he married at an early age and participated in the worldly life of the court Buddha found his carefree self-indulgent existence dull and after a while he left home and began wandering in search of enlightenment One day in 533 according to tradition he encountered an aged man a sick man and a corpse and he suddenly and deeply realized that suffering is the common lot of humankind He then came upon a mendicant monk calm and serene whereupon he determined to adopt his way of life and forsake family wealth and power in the quest for truth Buddhists celebrate this decision known in Buddhism as the Great Renunciation as a turning point in history Gautama was then 29 years old according to tradition Wandering as a mendicant over northern India Buddha first investigated Hinduism He took instruction from some famous Brahman teachers but he found the Hindu caste system repellent and Hindu asceticism futile He continued his search attracting but later losing five followers About 528 while sitting under a bo tree near Gaya in what is now Buddh Gaya in the state of Bihar he experienced the Great Enlightenment which revealed the way of salvation from suffering Shortly afterward he preached his first sermon in the Deer Park near Benares
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